NHMRC has developed the following resources to provide information and advice to consumers on genetics or genomics and human health.
The Human Genome
This resource provides information about the human genome and how diseases or conditions can be caused by genetic mutations.
The human genome consists of the complete set of human genetic material that is contained in a human cell. In most human cells, the genetic material is made up of long DNA strands that are packaged into 23 pairs of chromosomes. A genetic disease or condition is caused by one or more genetic changes to the DNA code.
Sequencing Your Genome
This resource provides information for consumers about what it means to sequence your genome and what personal value it may or may not provide for you.
Rapid advances in DNA sequencing technologies now allow an individual’s whole genome to be sequenced. Although this is still relatively expensive, it is becoming affordable and more readily available.
Epigenetics and Health
This resource provides information about epigenetics and health, including the role of epigenetics in understanding disease..
Epigenetics has recently become a popular explanation for complex diseases of unknown origin. Epigenetics is the study of mechanisms that control how genes are switched ‘on’ and ‘off’ without any changes in the actual DNA of the cells. Epigenetics and Health
Use of Genetic Information in Sport
This resource provides information about the application of genetic information in sport, such as its use for talent identification, developing individualised training programs and avoidance of sport-related injury.
Personalised Medicine and Genetics
This resource provides information about the use of an individual’s genetic make-up, to predict disease development, influence lifestyle choices or to tailor a health treatment.
The way our genes interact with each other can sometimes predispose us to developing particular diseases or influence the way our body responds to a certain treatments or medicine. Other factors such as age, weight and lifestyle also play a part. Using information about genetic predisposition to disease is a key part of personalised medicine.
This resource provides information to consumers about genetic discrimination and how it applies in law and in health or life insurance.
As DNA testing increasingly identifies differences in the genetic make-up of individuals, it becomes possible that people will be discriminated against based on genetic information.
Medical Genetic Testing: Health Information for You and Your Family
This resource outlines the key issues that should be considered in relation to genetic testing to assist people to:
- Understand the basics of DNA, genes and chromosomes
- Consider whether to undertake medical genetic testing
- Understand the potential outcomes of the genetic testing process, and
- Find further information and support.
- Medical Genetic Testing: Health Information for You and Your Family
Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) Genetic Testing
These resources have been developed to provide information about genetic tests that are offered directly to consumers, including those purchased over the internet.
NHMRC encourages individuals interested in Direct-to-Consumer (DTC) genetic testing to exercise caution and consult their doctor if they choose to proceed.